physiological and psychological arousal pdf doi

Physiological and psychological arousal pdf doi

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Source of arousal and memory for detail

Introduction

Arousal and Vigilance: The Effects of Physical Exercise and Positive Mood on Attention

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Sport psychology is an interdisciplinary science that draws on knowledge from many related fields including biomechanics , physiology , kinesiology and psychology. It involves the study of how psychological factors affect performance and how participation in sport and exercise affect psychological and physical factors. Also closely associated with Sports psychiatry.

Source of arousal and memory for detail

Emotions exert an incredibly powerful force on human behavior. Why exactly do we have emotions? What causes us to have these feelings? Researchers, philosophers, and psychologists have proposed different theories to explain the how and why behind human emotions. In psychology , emotion is often defined as a complex state of feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence thought and behavior.

Beneficial effects of music on several performance-related aspects of sport have been reported, but the processes involved are not well understood. The purpose of the present study was to investigate effects of relaxing and arousing classical music on physiological indicators and subjective perceptions of arousal during imagery of a sport task. First, appropriate music excerpts were selected. Then, 12 skilled shooters performed shooting imagery while listening to the three preselected music excerpts in randomized order. Subjective music ratings and physiological measures showed, as hypothesized, that unfamiliar relaxing music was the most relaxing and unfamiliar arousing music was the most arousing. Researchers should examine the impact of unfamiliar relaxing and arousing music played during imagery on subsequent performance in diverse sports.

Activation ; Arousal ; Energy ; Tension. Affect arousal is the state of being activated, either physiologically or psychologically, and is one dimension of our affective response to emotional stimuli. Psychological characteristics of arousal include feelings of vigor, energy, and tension. Physiological symptoms of arousal include increased heart rate and blood pressure, among other changes. Affect arousal describes the state of feeling awake, activated, and highly reactive to stimuli.

Introduction

Int J Sports Exerc Med This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. The present study was an effort to examine the extent to which the different states of arousal, as induced through exercise and manipulation of positive mood, interact to affect attentional processes. Thirty-four healthy participants were randomly assigned into 2 mood conditions: neutral and positive. A computerized auditory continuous performance test was used to measure attentional performance. Following baseline performance at rest and mood induction, participants completed the test while walking on a treadmill. Results showed that the impact of physical exercise-induced arousal on attention varied as a function of mood, such that while exercising, participants were able to maintain detectability scores and refrain from making an exaggerated number of commission errors only following positive but not neutral mood induction.

Two questions about the relationship between arousal and memory were investigated: First, does the source of arousal influence memory, and, second, what impact does arousal have on memory for detail? In Experiment 1, physiological arousal running or not running in place was factorially combined with emotional arousal viewing a neutral or an emotional slide sequence. Recognition memory was tested for gist, central detail, and background detail. Experiments 2 and 3 were similar to Experiment 1, with the exception that a cued recall task was used in Experiment 2 and physiological arousal was manipulated with stationary biking in Experiment 3. The results of these experiments indicated that physiological arousal had little impact on memory and that emotional arousal led to improvements in memory for both central and background detail.

J Neurol Neurosci Vol. DOI: Background: This paper reviews the physiological correlates of arousal to develop a comprehensive and collective understanding of the physiological correlates of arousal that occurs at different levels, such as emotion, sexual, sleep, mood, cognitive dissonance, and temperament. Objective: Main objective of this review was to have a clear understanding of the various physiological correlates that are associated with arousal. Results and Conclusion: Results from the review indicated that there are numerous correlates of physiological arousal which are based on changes in bodily mechanisms, such as variations in breathing rate, cardiovascular systems, and changes in functioning in certain brain areas. Physiological arousal; Emotional arousal; Sexual arousal; Sleep arousal; Temperament; Brain areas; Cardiovascular system; Breathing rate. Arousal is defined as the state of awakening of sense organs up to the point where sensation and perception can take place.

Arousal and Vigilance: The Effects of Physical Exercise and Positive Mood on Attention

Findings suggest that those who are most likely to engage the services of a financial adviser exhibit low levels of financial anxiety and moderate to high levels of physiological arousal. The least likely to seek the help of a financial adviser are those who exhibit high financial anxiety and low physiological arousal. Results support findings documented in the literature that high anxiety levels often lead to a form of self-imposed helplessness. In order to move those experiencing financial anxiety towards financial solutions, financial advisers ought to take steps to simultaneously reduce financial stressors and stimulate arousal as a way to promote behavioral change and help seeking.

David M. Sanbonmatsu, Frank R. The effects of physiological arousal on persuasion are investigated.

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Overview of the 6 Major Theories of Emotion

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References

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