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A defense mechanism is an automatic psychological process necessary for successful adaptation. It reflects adaptive capacity. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between the adaptation ability of individuals who face mandatory military service and the pattern of defense mechanisms. The subjects were 69 men Control group was 36 men We examined psychiatric history, the pattern of defense mechanisms, and depression and anxiety levels. Defense mechanisms were compared between two groups.
Sigmund Freud , noted a number of ego defenses which he refers to throughout his written works. His daughter Anna Freud developed these ideas and elaborated on them, adding ten of her own. Many psychoanalysts have also added further types of ego defenses. Defense mechanisms are psychological strategies that are unconsciously used to protect a person from anxiety arising from unacceptable thoughts or feelings. We use defense mechanisms to protect ourselves from feelings of anxiety or guilt, which arise because we feel threatened, or because our id or superego becomes too demanding. Defense mechanisms operate at an unconscious level and help ward off unpleasant feelings i.
Defense mechanism , in psychoanalytic theory, any of a group of mental processes that enables the mind to reach compromise solutions to conflicts that it is unable to resolve. The process is usually unconscious , and the compromise generally involves concealing from oneself internal drives or feelings that threaten to lower self-esteem or provoke anxiety. The concept derives from the psychoanalytic hypothesis that there are forces in the mind that oppose and battle against each other. Some of the major defense mechanisms described by psychoanalysts are the following:. Repression is the withdrawal from consciousness of an unwanted idea , affect, or desire by pushing it down, or repressing it, into the unconscious part of the mind.
Objectives: Posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD symptoms following past trauma could lead to psychological distress. Little is known, however, about the roles of defense mechanisms and alexithymia may play in the process. The current study aimed to examine the potential impact of alexithymia and defense mechanisms on the relationship between past trauma and distress among Chinese university students. Results: PTSD following past trauma was associated with increased psychological distress. Alexithymia and defenses especially immature defense mediated the path between PTSD and psychological co-morbidities. The severity of these distress symptoms was influenced by the way they defended themselves psychologically, and their ability to identify, express, and process distressing emotions.
We all have thoughts, feelings, impulses, and memories that can be difficult to deal with. In some cases, people deal with difficult feelings by utilizing what are known as defense mechanisms. These defense mechanisms are unconscious psychological responses that protect people from feelings of anxiety, threats to self-esteem, and things that they don't want to think about or deal with. The term got its start in psychoanalytic therapy, but it has slowly worked its way into the parlance of everyday language. Think of the last time you referred to someone as being "in denial" or accused someone of "rationalizing.
Defense mechanisms are behaviors that people use to detach themselves from unpleasant actions, thoughts, or events, and can be positive or negative. For example, sublimation is a positive defense mechanism in which someone chooses to channel strong emotions and feelings into an appropriate activity such as exercise; so instead of lashing out at others like coworkers, bosses, or family members, they channel those feelings into sports, arts, or music. Defense mechanisms may also be used to distance oneself from undesirable feelings, particularly guilt and shame. In many cases, people use these psychological responses unconsciously and, therefore, do not consciously decide to utilize them. They are a way for those suffering from addiction to drugs or alcohol to resist change, ignore situations, and rationalize irrational behaviors. Research has identified multiple defense mechanisms, but there are specific ones generally used more than others.
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