File Name: contribution of science and technology in national security in hindi.zip
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Development at any phase is always linked with technology and technology happens when there is advancement in science. Hence science, technology and development are all proportional to each other. Image Courtesy : upload. Development is required in every individual to every nation in all aspects and for development to happen, science and technology go hand in hand. Basically science is known as the study of knowledge, which is made into a system and depends on analysing and understanding facts.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Wind, water, and animal power, with their limitations of place and capacity, were supplemented and then replaced by the steam engine, which went on to power the factories of the industrial revolution. The railroad made it possible to move things and people quickly over great distances.
Some scholars of international relations have argued that the security dilemma is the most important source of conflict between states. They hold that in the international realm, there is no legitimate monopoly of violence —that is, there is no world government—and, as a consequence, each state must take care of its own security. For this reason, the primary goal of states is to maximize their own security. However, many of the actions taken in pursuit of that goal—such as weapons procurement and the development of new military technologies—will necessarily decrease the security of other states. Decreasing the security of other states does not automatically create a dilemma, but other states will tend to follow suit if one state arms.
Elites and elite change , Political systems , Conflict prevention , Crisis management. Modern diplomacy is currently experiencing fundamental changes at an unprecedented rate, which affect the very character of diplomacy as we know it. These changes also affect aspects of domestic and international politics that were once of no great concern to diplomacy. Ministries of Foreign Affairs, diplomats and governments in general should therefore be proactive in four areas:. Diplomats must understand the tension between individual needs and state requirements, and engage with that tension without detriment to the state. Digitization must be employed in such a way that gains in efficiency are not at the expense of efficacy.
She started a school in her home at age 13 and wrote a geography textbook for her students, which was later adopted by the Department of Education of Puerto Rico. With commentary from Frances A. Source: General Archives of Puerto Rico. Lillian Moller Gilbreth was an American psychologist and industrial engineer at the turn of the 20th century. She was an expert in efficiency and organizational psychology, the principles of which she applied not only as a management consultant for major corporations, but also to her household of twelve children, as chronicled in the book Cheaper by the Dozen. Her long list of firsts includes first female commencement speaker at the University of California, first female engineering professor at Purdue, and first woman elected to the National Academy of Engineering.
India ranks third among the most attractive investment destinations for technology transactions in the world. Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Department of Science and Technology, has reiterated that technology is a strong priority area for the Government, and it aims to make people science centric. Modern India has had a strong focus on science and technology, realising that it is a key element for economic growth. India is among the topmost countries in the world in the field of scientific research, positioned as one of the top five nations in the field for space exploration. India is likely to take a leading role in launching satellites for the SAARC nations, generating revenue by offering its space facilities for use to other countries. In September , India moved four places up to reach the 48th rank and made to the top 50 countries in the Global Innovation Index GII for the first time.
The importance of modern technology in security and world affairs has never been so , URL. 79 'Draft report of National Security Advisory Board on Indian nuclear doctrine', 17 Aug.
National security or national defence is the security and defence of a nation state , including its citizens , economy , and institutions, which is regarded as a duty of government. Originally conceived as protection against military attack , national security is now widely understood to include also non-military dimensions, including the security from terrorism , minimisation of crime , economic security , energy security , environmental security , food security , cyber-security etc. Similarly, national security risks include, in addition to the actions of other nation states , action by violent non-state actors , by narcotic cartels , and by multinational corporations , and also the effects of natural disasters. Governments rely on a range of measures, including political , economic , and military power, as well as diplomacy , to safeguard the security of a nation-state.
Over a period of time, India has progressively and perceptibly paved way for development in the field of Science and Technology. The 21 st century in India is apparently marked as the beginning towards an advancement in terms of technology and enrichment of knowledge base in the fields of Science. At present, India holds a strong position in terms of advanced technology. India also serves as a knowledge warehouse with the existence of its many institutions catering to Science and Technology which come with qualified and trained manpower.
Размышляя об этом, Сьюзан вдруг вспомнила фразу, сказанную Стратмором: Я попытался запустить Следопыта самостоятельно, но информация, которую он выдал, оказалась бессмысленной. Сьюзан задумалась над этими словами. Информация, которую он выдал… Она резко подняла голову.
Я ничего не говорила, - ответила Сьюзан. Хейл удивленно поднял брови. - Ах какие мы скрытные. А ведь у нас в Третьем узле нет друг от друга секретов. Один за всех и все за одного. Сьюзан отпила глоток чая и промолчала. Хейл пожал плечами и направился к буфету.
Стратмор покачал головой: - Танкадо дал нам шанс. Это совершенно ясно. Тем не менее риск велик: если нас обнаружат, это, в сущности, будет означать, что он своим алгоритмом нас напугал. Нам придется публично признать не только то, что мы имеем ТРАНСТЕКСТ, но и то, что Цифровая крепость неприступна. - Каким временем мы располагаем.
Несмотря на сомнения относительно быстродействия машины, в одном инженеры проявили единодушие: если все процессоры станут действовать параллельно, ТРАНСТЕКСТ будет очень мощным. Вопрос был лишь в том, насколько мощным. Ответ получили через двенадцать минут. Все десять присутствовавших при этом человек в напряженном ожидании молчали, когда вдруг заработавший принтер выдал им открытый текст: шифр был взломан. ТРАНСТЕКСТ вскрыл ключ, состоявший из шестидесяти четырех знаков, за десять с небольшим минут, в два миллиона раз быстрее, чем если бы для этого использовался второй по мощности компьютер АНБ.