File Name: intimate partner violence causes and prevention .zip
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Unlike many health problems, there are few social and demographic characteristics that define risk groups for intimate partner violence. Poverty is the exception and increases risk through effects on conflict, women's power, and male identity.
Metrics details. Intimate partner violence IPV against women is a global public health and human rights concern. Despite a growing body of research into risk factors for IPV, methodological differences limit the extent to which comparisons can be made between studies. We used data from ten countries included in the WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence to identify factors that are consistently associated with abuse across sites, in order to inform the design of IPV prevention programs. Standardised population-based household surveys were done between and One woman aged years was randomly selected from each sampled household. Those who had ever had a male partner were asked about their experiences of physically and sexually violent acts.
Unlike many health problems, there are few social and demographic characteristics that define risk groups for intimate partner violence. Poverty is the exception and increases risk through effects on conflict, women's power, and male identity. Violence is used as a strategy in conflict. Relationships full of conflict, and especially those in which conflicts occur about finances, jealousy, and women's gender role transgressions are more violent than peaceful relationships. Heavy alcohol consumption also increases risk of violence.
Domestic violence also named domestic abuse or family violence is violence or other abuse in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. Domestic violence is often used as a synonym for intimate partner violence , which is committed by one of the people in an intimate relationship against the other person, and can take place in heterosexual or same-sex relationships, or between former spouses or partners. In its broadest sense, domestic violence also involves violence against children, teenagers, parents, or the elderly. It takes multiple forms, including physical , verbal , emotional , economic , religious , reproductive , and sexual abuse , which can range from subtle, coercive forms to marital rape and to violent physical abuse such as choking, beating, female genital mutilation , and acid throwing that results in disfigurement or death. Domestic murders include stoning , bride burning , honor killing , and dowry death which sometimes involve non-cohabitating family members.
Handbook of Injury and Violence Prevention pp Cite as. Intimate partner violence IPV became widely recognized as a health and social problem in the s. The accumulated body of research indicates that IPV is very common. The goal of this chapter is to discuss and review the various prevention efforts that have been undertaken to reduce IPV perpetration. Our review includes strategies designed to reduce the incidence of IPV either by preventing new cases or by preventing reperpetration but not strategies that target only the negative consequences of IPV. It should be noted that emotional and psychological abuse can result in many of the same negative consequences as physical abuse Coker et al.
Risk factors are linked to a greater likelihood of intimate partner violence IPV perpetration. They are contributing factors, but might not be direct causes. A combination of individual, relational, community, and societal factors contribute to the risk of becoming a perpetrator of IPV. Understanding these multilevel factors can help identify various opportunities for prevention. Watch Moving Forward to learn more about how increasing what protects people from violence and reducing what puts people at risk for it benefits everyone.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. A vital part of understanding a social problem, and a precursor to preventing it, is an understanding of what causes it. Research on the causes of violence against women has consisted of two lines of inquiry: examination of the characteristics that influence the behavior of offenders and consideration of whether some women have a heightened vulnerability to victimization. Research has sought causal factors at various levels of analysis, including individual, dyadic, institutional, and social.
The physical, psychological and social consequences of domestic violence DV for the victim and her family have been, and probably remain, inadequately investigated and understood. Studies in different countries have revealed how serious the consequences of DV can be, and have led international organizations concerned with health care e. Many governments have established plans to reduce DV, although this does not mean that they include this de facto problem among their political priorities.
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Охранник пожал плечами. - Через сорок пять минут. Беккер замахал руками. Ну и порядки. Звук мотора, похожий на визг циркулярной пилы, заставил его повернуться. Парень крупного сложения и прильнувшая к нему сзади девушка въехали на стоянку на стареньком мотоцикле Веспа-250.
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