kinds and classification of law pdf

Kinds and classification of law pdf

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Law: Meaning, Features, Sources and Types of Law

Classification of Law

Definitions and Classifications

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Law: Meaning, Features, Sources and Types of Law

Thus we say the laws of motion, of gravitation, of optics or mechanics as well as the laws of nature and of nations. Before understanding the classification of law we need to understand the Definition of law. For a lawyer, the parameter of law is largely about cases. On the other hand, it is all about justice to be done in good conscience. For a proper understanding of the law, it is necessary to classify it. Classification of is important because it becomes easy to understand the meaning , nature, and purpose of the law if it is classified properly. We can easily understand the subjects of that law and its enforcement measures.

Classification of Law

There are different meanings of the word law. Perhaps this is best conveyed by the view of Baron De Montesquieu in his book, Spirit of the Law, where he wrote:. From the above, it can be seen that law is used in multiple senses. Thus it is imperative for the different types of laws to be considered. They are:. Eternal Law: The word eternal means something that would last forever.

Definitions and Classifications

Law is a system of rules created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior, [2] with its precise definition a matter of longstanding debate. Private individuals may create legally binding contracts , including arbitration agreements that adopt alternative ways of resolving disputes to standard court litigation. The creation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution , written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics , economics , history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people. Legal systems vary between countries, with their differences analysed in comparative law.

State is sovereign. Sovereignty is its exclusive and most important element. It is the supreme power of the state over all its people and territories. The State exercises its sovereign power through its laws.

International law

International law , also called public international law or law of nations , the body of legal rules, norms, and standards that apply between sovereign states and other entities that are legally recognized as international actors. The term was coined by the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham — It is a mark of how far international law has evolved that this original definition omits individuals and international organizations —two of the most dynamic and vital elements of modern international law.

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Federal government websites often end in. The site is secure. The Fair Labor Standards Act FLSA establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and youth employment standards affecting employees in the private sector and in Federal, State, and local governments. Overtime pay at a rate not less than one and one-half times the regular rate of pay is required after 40 hours of work in a workweek. Starting in , agencies across the federal government must adjust their penalties for inflation each year.

Law is intertwined with the lives of people. In this society,there is a complex body or set of rules which are made to control the activities of members of the society. Different laws are available for different situations like laws to govern working conditions, laws to control leisure pursuits and laws to regulate relationships of personal nature. A binding custom or practice of a community : a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority. A rule, usually made by the government of a country, that is used to order the way in which the society has to behave. The law is a set of rules that are laid down to regulate the government of the state and control the relationship between the state and its citizens and also to govern the relationship between one citizen and another which is enforceable by the courts.

Human rights are commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being. This chapter examines the concept of human rights and its origins, explaining the different terms and classifications. The origins of human rights may be found both in Greek philosophy and the various world religions.

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