File Name: types of psychological disorders and their treatments .zip
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Read terms. Brookman, MD. Obstetrician—gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic—pituitary—gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances. Adolescents with psychiatric disorders may be taking psychopharmacologic agents that can cause menstrual dysfunction and galactorrhea. Adolescents with mental illness often engage in acting-out behavior or substance use, which increases their risk of unsafe sexual behavior that may result in pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections. Pregnant adolescents who take psychopharmacologic agents present a special challenge in balancing the potential risks of fetal harm with the risks of inadequate treatment.
Each personality disorder has its own set of diagnostic criteria. However, according to the DSM-5, generally the diagnosis of a personality disorder includes long-term marked deviation from cultural expectations that leads to significant distress or impairment in at least two of these areas:. Sometimes it can be difficult to determine the type of personality disorder, as some personality disorders share similar symptoms and more than one type may be present. Other disorders such as depression, anxiety or substance abuse may further complicate diagnosis. But it's worth the time and effort to get an accurate diagnosis so that you get appropriate treatment. The treatment that's best for you depends on your particular personality disorder, its severity and your life situation. Often, a team approach is needed to make sure all of your psychiatric, medical and social needs are met.
Evidence shows that psychological treatments work well for emotional, mental and behavioural issues. It may take a number of weeks for you to see results from most psychological treatments. Some types of treatment can take a year or more for you to get the full benefit. Find a psychiatrist near you who can provide psychological treatments. Psychologists, some GPs, social workers, mental health nurses, counsellors and other therapists also offer psychological treatments. Not all people who offer psychological treatments have professional training or experience in that therapy. Ask your therapist about their qualifications before your first appointment.
Mental disorders or mental illnesses are conditions that affect your thinking, feeling, mood, and behavior. They may be occasional or long-lasting chronic. They can affect your ability to relate to others and function each day. There is no single cause for mental illness. A number of factors can contribute to risk for mental illness, such as. Mental disorders are not caused by character flaws. They have nothing to do with being lazy or weak.
Mental disorders are patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple areas of life. These disorders create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms. Neurodevelopmental disorders are those that are typically diagnosed during infancy, childhood, or adolescence. These psychological disorders include:. Adaptive behaviors are those that involve practical, everyday skills such as self-care, social interaction, and living skills.
This module is divided into three parts. The first is a brief introduction to various criteria we use to define or distinguish between normality and abnormality. The second, largest part is a history of mental illness from the Stone Age to the 20th century, with a special emphasis on the recurrence of three causal explanations for mental illness; supernatural, somatogenic, and psychogenic factors. This part briefly touches upon trephination, the Greek theory of hysteria within the context of the four bodily humors, witch hunts, asylums, moral treatment, mesmerism, catharsis, the mental hygiene movement, deinstitutionalization, community mental health services, and managed care. The third part concludes with a brief description of the issue of diagnosis. References to mental illness can be found throughout history. The evolution of mental illness, however, has not been linear or progressive but rather cyclical.
Extraordinary advances have been made in the treatment of mental illness. As a result, many mental health disorders can now be treated nearly as successfully as physical disorders. Somatic treatments include drugs, electroconvulsive therapy, and other therapies that stimulate the brain such as transcranial magnetic stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation.
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having a psychological disorder — stigmas are real and hurtful. For this reason, it is harmful to ever use role playing in your classes. Undoubtedly, there are.Reply
Mental health refers to cognitive, behavioral, and emotional well-being.Reply