issue of child labour magnitude causes effects and response pdf

Issue of child labour magnitude causes effects and response pdf

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Causes of Child Labor

LAW AND CHILD LABOR

Poverty and unemployment levels are high.

Joseph J. Nonetheless, child labor continues to be common in the agriculture and mining sectors, where safety and environmental hazards pose significant risks. Drawing upon recent human rights investigations of child labor in tobacco farming in Kazakhstan and gold mining in Mali, the role of international human rights mechanisms, advocacy with government and private sector officials, and media attention in reducing harmful environmental exposures of child workers is discussed. Human rights-based advocacy in both cases was important to raise attention and help ensure that children are protected from harm. The Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour, adopted by the International Labour Organization ILO in and ratified by countries, prohibits hazardous labor for children under the age of

Causes of Child Labor

Children are future citizens of the Nation and their adequate development is utmost priority of the country. Unfortunately, child labor engulfs children across the world. The world is home to 1. However, despite its menace in various forms, the data shows variation in prevalence of child labor across the globe and the statistical figures about child labor are very alarming. There are an estimated million child laborers worldwide.

LAW AND CHILD LABOR

Help us support children so they don't have to work in dangerous conditions. All over the world, children are being exploited through child labour. This mentally and physically dangerous work interferes with schooling and long-term development—the worst forms include slavery, trafficking, sexual exploitation and hazardous work that put children at risk of death, injury or disease. Child labour can be defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity. Child labourers are vulnerable to abuse , and their families are often trapped in a cycle of poverty.

Poverty and unemployment levels are high.

Child labour British English or child labor American English ; see spelling differences refers to the exploitation of children through any form of work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and is mentally, physically, socially and morally harmful. Child labour has existed to varying extents throughout history. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, many children aged 5—14 from poorer families worked in Western nations and their colonies alike. These children mainly worked in agriculture, home-based assembly operations, factories, mining, and services such as news boys —some worked night shifts lasting 12 hours. With the rise of household income, availability of schools and passage of child labour laws, the incidence rates of child labour fell.

Today, close to million children are working in the world. More than million of these children are working in dangerous conditions. Additionally, each year more than 1 million of these children will be victims of human trafficking. Child labour refers to any work or activity that deprives children of their childhood. In effect, these are activities that are detrimental to the physical and mental health of children and that hinder their proper development.

Child labor persists even though laws and standards to eliminate it exist. Current causes of global child labor are similar to its causes in the U. Poor children and their families may rely upon child labor in order to improve their chances of attaining basic necessities.

FORMS OF CHILD LABOR

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Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Child labour considered as one of the major public health issue globally [1]. According to ILO, a total of millions children are working as labour in the world. Asia comprises highest millions whereas in Africa region, child labour is around 80 millions [2]. Moreover, in the Asian and pacific regions, majority of the children are working in agricultural sector [4].

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