File Name: clouds and what they mean .zip
Not all clouds are created equal. The different types of clouds are named based on their shape and how high up they hover in the troposphere. For instance, the diagram below provides a quick overview of the most common types of clouds based on altitude. A cloud is a visible accumulation of minute droplets of wate, ice crystals, or both, suspended in the air. Though they vary in shape and size, all clouds are basically formed in the same way through the vertical of air above the condensation level. Clouds may also form in contact with the ground surface, too. The types of clouds can be divided into three levels, each in turn with its own main groups of clouds.
How Clouds Form : Clouds form when water vapor water that has evaporated from the surface of the Earth condenses turns into liquid water or solid ice onto microscopic dust particles or other tiny particles floating in the air. This condensation cloud formation happens when warm and cold air meet, when warm air rises up the side of a mountain and cools as it rises, and when warm air flows over a colder area, like a cool body of water. This occurs because cool air can hold less water vapor than warm air, and excess water condenses into either liquid or ice. For more on the water cycle, click here. Types of Clouds : Prefixes and Suffixes Used to Describe Clouds: Clouds are defined by both the way they look and how high they are in the atmosphere. For example, cirro meaning "wisp of hair" is a prefix given to high-altitude clouds above 20, feet.
Choose the best vocabulary word for each sentence and write it in the blank. Relative humidity refers to the percentage of water vapor in the air at a specific temperature compared to the amount it could hold. Water vapor is a gas. You can t swim in water that is in this form. Water vapor, which helps create clouds, gets into the air by means of evaporation. The bottoms of clouds show us where the dew point has been reached.
Physical Geography is one of the most important topics in General Awareness. A cloud is an accumulation or grouping of small droplets of water and ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere of the earth. They play various roles in the climate system, such as being the bright objects in the visible portion of the solar spectrum, reflecting light to space effectively and thus helping the planet to cool down. When the air is saturated or filled with water vapour, clouds are created. There is more water vapour in the warm air than cold air. Being formed of humid air it is cloudy. When the moist air is progressively cooled, the water vapour and ice crystals of these clouds become larger and fall on earth's surface as precipitation in the form of rain, drizzle, snowfall, sleet, or hail.
Clouds and. What They Mean. Identifying Cloud Types. Match the doud name to its description. Remember that the altitude of a doud is important to what kind of.
Stratus clouds are the kind that stretch out. Reading the clouds clouds. The types of clouds. Types of clouds and what they mean. Mixing up the main types.
Cirrocumulus is one of the three main genus-types of high-altitude tropospheric clouds, the other two being cirrus and cirrostratus. Like lower-altitude cumuliform and stratocumuliform clouds, cirrocumulus signifies convection. Unlike other high-altitude tropospheric clouds like cirrus and cirrostratus, cirrocumulus includes a small amount of liquid water droplets, although these are in a supercooled state. Ice crystals are the predominant component, and typically, the ice crystals cause the supercooled water drops in the cloud to rapidly freeze, transforming the cirrocumulus into cirrostratus.
News, analysis, experiments, videos, games, and educational paths on the issues of energy and the environment for complete and topical information. Howard, in , and the classification system that he proposed is, with some modifications, still used today. It is based on two principal groups, divided according to the development vertical and horizontal and three types: cirrus, cumulus and stratus clouds. The different combinations of groups and types lead to the different cloud formations. They seem to cover the sky in a uniform manner at various levels. Also fog banks belong to this category. Cumulus Cu clouds, are dense clouds with a marked outline.
Stratus clouds are low-level clouds characterized by horizontal layering with a uniform base, as opposed to convective or cumuliform clouds that are formed by rising thermals. More specifically, the term stratus is used to describe flat, hazy , featureless clouds at low altitudes varying in color from dark gray to nearly white. These clouds are essentially above-ground fog formed either through the lifting of morning fog or through cold air moving at low altitudes over a region. Some call these clouds "high fog" for their fog-like form. While light rain may fall, this cloud does not indicate much meteorological precipitation. Stratus clouds form when a sheet of warm, moist air lifts off the ground and depressurizes, following the lapse rate. This causes the relative humidity to increase due to the adiabatic cooling.
Not all clouds are created equal. The different types of clouds are named based on their shape and how high up they hover in the troposphere. For instance, the diagram below provides a quick overview of the most common types of clouds based on altitude.
Melanie has a BS in physical science and is in grad school for analytics and modeling. Clouds are large groups of tiny water droplets vapor or ice crystals that cling to pieces of dust in the atmosphere. Clouds are so important to the earth's weather that meteorologists people who study the weather also study the clouds and their movement. In fact, without clouds, it wouldn't rain or snow! They come in all different shapes and sizes.
In a companion paper Golaz et al. The model represents the subgrid-scale variability of vertical velocity, temperature, and moisture by use of a joint probability density function PDF. The PDF is selected from a predetermined family for each grid box and time step, thereby allowing the PDF to vary in space and evolve in time. The family of PDFs employed is the three-dimensional analytic double Gaussian 1 family proposed by Larson et al. This family was tested against aircraft measurements and output from large eddy simulation LES models. The family of PDFs retained depends on a number of free parameters.