File Name: media ownership and control in ghana .zip
In political terms, the communication system may serve to enhance democracy, or to deny it, or some combination of the two. Less commented upon, though no less significant, the communication system has emerged as a central area for profit making in modern capitalist societies. Much scholarly effort is therefore employed to assess the relationship between communication as a private activity, and the broader and necessary social and political duties that those same communication systems must perform.
This led to a surge of independent press, which in part led to the independence of Ghana. Its main use was to spread propaganda to gain support of the colonies . Following the 6 March declaration of independence by Ghana from the United Kingdom , there were only around four newspapers. Leader Kwame Nkrumah eventually controlled all the press in Ghana and saw it as an instrument of state authority, providing propaganda that encouraged national unity and creating a hierarchal system of state apparatus to manage the media.
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Media play a significant role towards the socio-economic and political development of all economies. However, if their operations are not properly and efficiently regulated it can lead to underdevelopment. Hence, this study focused on the prospects of regulating electronic media activities in Ghana by using the National Media Commission NMC as a case study. The mixed research method was used as well as primary and secondary data. The primary data was collected through questionnaires and interview guide. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques was used to select respondents for the study. The findings of the study revealed there are various existing regulations governing the electronic media in Ghana.
A publicly available website features a database of major media outlets, companies, and their owners, including comprehensive information about the media landscape in the country. The findings of the project are presented today, 25 July , at a high-level media forum in Accra. Three out of four readers Private companies on the other hand dominate the broadcasting sector. Again the Multimedia Group and the Despite Group of Companies have a considerable market position by operating several nationwide outlets. All in all, radio shows a medium level of audience concentration around the four market leaders that together deliver news to
The most important developments in the Fourth Republic that have facilitated and expanded media freedom and free speech are the introduction of independent and private broadcasting, the end of state monopoly and control of broadcasting, and the arrival of the new communications technologies of digital media and mobile telephony. Politics and the mass media are as interlinked as, to borrow a local expression, the teeth and the tongue. Neither can do without the other. Since the newspaper, the first medium of mass communication, was first developed, it has always served as an instrument for the pursuit of every significant social cause or movement everywhere in the world. So has radio and television broadcasting. And so today, in the 21 st century, are the internet and digital media serving those same purposes. The media are instruments of mass information, education and influencing public perceptions and opinion.
Mass media influence the way facts are viewed and debated in the society. Monitoring and ensuring ownership pluralism is the first step toward independence and freedom of choice. How can people evaluate the reliability of information if they don't know who provides it? How can journalists work properly if they don't know who controls the company they work for? And how can media authorities address excessive media concentration if they don't know who is behind the media's steering wheel? Ownership structure may also affect the way the media industry manages its resources. It shapes the economic strength and efficiency of the media sector, which is of particular interest to potential investors.
The study critically examines the role played by the news media in a modern African democracy. The issues of democracy and the theories that drive them are mostly. The perspective offered by this thesis showed that Africa has a unique system which calls for a hybridised approach to the study of media and democracy. The functioning of a state-owned media, insulated from. In this context, a comparative analytical study of the Daily Graphic and the Ghanaian Chronicle, state and private entities respectively, underpinned the enquiry into the possible influences on elections, checks on democratic accountability and promotion of multiparty.
Ghana has had a long tradition of state ownership - and control - of the media, dating back to pre-independence times. From the introduction of radio in the Gold Coast in and television in till the airwaves were liberalized in , radio and television were controlled by the colonial and then the post-colonial State. Private print media was almost absent from the Ghanaian media landscape until , when the current constitution was enforced.
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Media ownership theory as developed by Altschull in basically and the level of media control in Ghana actually hinder the media from.Reply
Key Words: media independence, media ownership, press freedom, democratic governance, Ghana today is seen generally as a democracy with the freest media in This study therefore attempted to fill this gap by looking beyond the direct control of the media rnasystemsbiology.org://rnasystemsbiology.orgpdf.Reply