File Name: type a personality and stress .zip
Background: Stress is not merely something that makes one worry. It is rather ubiquitous. It is synonymous with life.
Although everyone experiences stress, there are aspects of personality that may make some people more vulnerable to stress than others. Personality is characterized by five stable traits. These traits include neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, conscientiousness, and agreeableness. Of these, neuroticism is most consistently related to negative stress outcomes. This includes evaluating potentially stressful encounters as threats, which in turn promotes negative psychological, physiological, and behavioral responses. Other personality traits, such as openness, promote challenge appraisals and more positive stress responses. Although it is the case that some types of personality influence stress responses, it is important to keep in mind that the situations people find themselves in can also affect stress responses over and above that of personality.
Type A and Type B personality hypothesis describes two contrasting personality types. In this hypothesis, personalities that are more competitive, highly organized, ambitious, impatient, highly aware of time management or aggressive are labeled Type A, while more relaxed, less "neurotic", "frantic", "explainable" personalities are labeled Type B. The two cardiologists who developed this theory came to believe that Type A personalities had a greater chance of developing coronary heart disease. Nevertheless, this research had a significant effect on the development of the health psychology field, in which psychologists look at how an individual's mental state affects physical health. Type A personality behavior was first described as a potential risk factor for heart disease in the s by cardiologists Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman. They credit their insight to an upholsterer who called to their attention the peculiar fact that the chairs in their waiting rooms were only worn out on the front edge of the seat. Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire, that asked questions like "Do you feel guilty if you use spare time to relax?
Principals were found to be working under extreme stress a few at catastrophically high levels , for long hours, and that certain managerial activities were more physiologically stressful than others. Report bugs here. Please share your general feedback. You can join in the discussion by joining the community or logging in here. You can also find out more about Emerald Engage.
By Dr. Saul McLeod , updated This type of personality concerns how people respond to stress. However, although its name implies a personality typology, it is more appropriately conceptualized as a trait continuum, with extremes Type-A and Type-B individuals on each end.
Published on Authors of this article:. Background: Excessive stress has a negative impact on many aspects of life for both individuals and societies, from studying and working to health and well-being. Each individual has their unique level of stress-proneness, and positive or negative outcomes of stress may be affected by it. Technology-aided interventions have potential efficacy in the self-management of stress.
Department of Business Management, Dr. The present paper has examined the sources of stress among the healthcare professionals and the difference between responses of personality type A and type B healthcare professionals toward stressful situations. Further, the difference in the performance of both the personality types has been studied.
Could your personality type be harming you, or is your personality actually helping you live a longer life? Our personalities play such an important role in determining our behaviors and habits, so it is little wonder that personality type has a connection to your health. Everything from how often you visit the doctor to how you deal with stress is connected to your personality. Philosophers, physicians, and researchers have long tried to find connections between personality and physical health. During the time of the ancient Greeks, Hippocrates and Galen suggested that there were four humors or personality types and that each was connected to susceptibilities for certain physical or mental illnesses.
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Although everyone experiences stress, there are aspects of personality that may make some people more vulnerable to stress than others.Reply
Individuals differ dramatically in their response to a problem or a stressor.Reply
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