File Name: rethinking life and death peter singer .zip
It was he who made the Utilitarian principle serve as the basis for a unified and comprehensive ethical system that applies, in theory at least, to every area of life. Never before had a complete, detailed system of ethics been so consistently constructed from a single fundamental ethical principle. He never thought that the aim of Utilitarianism was to explain or justify ordinary moral views; it was, rather, to reform them. Both have a taste for observable, practical things. He studied under the direction of Richard M. Hare at Oxford and examined such questions as the status of animals, the sanctity of human life, the moral obligations of the citizens of rich countries towards the inhabitants of poor countries, the ethics of globalisation, and the rhetoric of George W.
Peter Singer is often described as the world's most influential philosopher. He is also one of its most controversial. The author of important books such as Animal Liberation , Practical Ethics , Rethinking Life and Death , and The Life You Can Save , he helped launch the animal rights and effective altruism movements and contributed to the development of bioethics. Now, in Ethics in the Real World , Singer shows that he is also a master at dissecting important current events in a few hundred words. In this book of brief essays, he applies his controversial ways of thinking to issues like climate change, extreme poverty, animals, abortion, euthanasia, human genetic selection, sports doping, the sale of kidneys, the ethics of high-priced art, and ways of increasing happiness. Singer asks whether chimpanzees are people, smoking should be outlawed, or consensual sex between adult siblings should be decriminalized, and he reiterates his case against the idea that all human life is sacred, applying his arguments to some recent cases in the news. In addition, he explores, in an easily accessible form, some of the deepest philosophical questions, such as whether anything really matters and what is the value of the pale blue dot that is our planet.
Book Review Rethinking Life and Death: The collapse of our traditional ethics By Peter Singer. pp. New York, St. Martin's Press, $
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Buy from Amazon. Read it to remind yourself of the enormities of which putatively civilized beings are capable. Fascinating and thought provoking, in Rethinking Life and Death, Singer shows how and why the western world has already started moving away from the Judeo-Christian sanctity of human life ethic. Singer reports where many western nations currently fall both legally and in mainstream medical practice with regard to controversial topics including abortion, infanticide, stem cell research, euthanasia, and assisted suicide.
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He specialises in applied ethics and approaches ethical issues from a secular , utilitarian perspective. He is known in particular for his book Animal Liberation , in which he argues in favour of veganism , and his essay " Famine, Affluence, and Morality ", in which he argues in favour of donating to help the global poor. For most of his career, he was a preference utilitarian , but he stated in The Point of View of the Universe , coauthored with Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek , that he had become a hedonistic utilitarian. On two occasions, Singer served as chair of the philosophy department at Monash University , where he founded its Centre for Human Bioethics. In he stood unsuccessfully as a Greens candidate for the Australian Senate.
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