File Name: issues of maternal and child health .zip
Public Health Reviews continues to welcome new submissions to our article collection focussing on maternal and child health in the sustainable development goal era.
The health of mothers and children is interrelated and affected by multiple factors. Maternal Health: The health of mothers during pregnancy, childbirth, and in the postpartum period.
Child Health: The health of children from birth through adolescence, with a focus on the health of children under the age of five. Newborn health is the health of babies from birth through the first 28 days of life. Still, as efforts focus on achieving new global MCH goals such as ending preventable deaths among newborns and children under five and reducing global maternal mortality, significant challenges remain.
Although effective interventions are available, lack of funding and limited access to services have hampered progress, particularly on maternal health.
Each year, an estimated 5. Key interventions that reduce the risk of maternal mortality include skilled care at birth and emergency obstetric care. Newborn deaths may be substantially reduced through increased use of simple, low-cost interventions, such as breastfeeding, keeping newborns warm and dry, and treating severe newborn infections. When scaled-up, interventions such as immunizations, oral rehydration therapy ORT , and insecticide-treated mosquito nets ITNs have contributed to significant reductions in child morbidity and mortality over the last two decades.
Other effective child health interventions include improved access to and use of clean water, sanitation, and hygiene practices like handwashing; improved nutrition; and the treatment of neglected tropical diseases NTDs. Strengthening health systems and increasing access to services, including through community-based clinics, are also important, and interventions have been found to be more effective when integrated within a comprehensive continuum of care.
There are several key global goals for expanding access to and improving MCH services, including:. The U. The Global Nutrition for Growth Compact includes a goal of reducing stunting in children and nutrient deficiencies in women and children. Endorsed in by more than 40 developing country and donor governments, including the U. The first U. Early programs included fortifying international food aid with vitamin A deficiency of which can cause blindness, compromise immune system function, and retard growth among young children and efforts to control malaria.
USAID then developed its first maternal health project in and introduced a newborn survival strategy in Collectively, U. CDC operates immunization programs, provides scientific and technical assistance, and works to build capacity in a broad array of MCH and related RH areas.
It also serves as a World Health Organization Collaborating Center on reproductive, maternal, perinatal, and child health. Additionally, U. Other U. See the KFF fact sheets on U. Among them are:. Total U. Most U. Figure 1: U. Recent international and U. Other key issues and challenges for U. George Schmid, et al. Percent of births attended by a skilled birth attendant, which is defined as an accredited health professional - such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse - who has been educated and trained to proficiency in the skills needed to manage normal uncomplicated pregnancies, childbirth, and the immediate postnatal period, and in the identification, management, and referral of complications in women and newborns.
Say, et al. Black, et al. Does not sum to due to rounding. Robert E. For neonatal mortality, to at least as low as 12 per 1, live births, and for under-five mortality, to at least as low as 25 per 1, live births. KFF analysis of data from the U.
Foreign Assistance Dashboard website, ForeignAssistance. Additional countries may be reached through other country and regional programs. See also KFF fact sheets U. Global Health Budget: Nutrition. Key Facts Millions of pregnant women, new mothers, and children experience severe illness or death each year, largely from preventable or treatable causes.
There have been some gains: attention to maternal and child health MCH has been growing, and under-five and maternal mortality have fallen substantially since In recent years, the U. This includes the U. Global Situation The health of mothers and children is interrelated and affected by multiple factors. Endnotes George Schmid, et al. Topics Global Health Policy. Also of Interest The U. Table 2: U. Immunizations, including those for polio, measles, and tetanus.
Antenatal care, including aseptic techniques to prevent sepsis. Clean water, sanitation, and hygiene efforts. Health systems strengthening health workforce, information systems, pharmaceutical management, infrastructure development. Implementation science and operational research.
The health of mothers and children is interrelated and affected by multiple factors. Maternal Health: The health of mothers during pregnancy, childbirth, and in the postpartum period. Child Health: The health of children from birth through adolescence, with a focus on the health of children under the age of five. Newborn health is the health of babies from birth through the first 28 days of life. Still, as efforts focus on achieving new global MCH goals such as ending preventable deaths among newborns and children under five and reducing global maternal mortality, significant challenges remain.
Maternal health is the health of women during pregnancy , childbirth , and the postpartum period. It encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning , preconception , prenatal , and postnatal care in order to ensure a positive and fulfilling experience, in most cases, and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, in other cases. WHO has indicated that even though motherhood has been considered as a fulfilling natural experience that is emotional to the mother, a high percentage of women go through a lot of challenges where they suffer health-wise and sometimes even die WHO n. The investment can be achieved in different ways, among the main ones being subsidizing the healthcare cost, education on maternal health, encouraging effective family planning, and ensuring progressive check up on the health of women with children. WHO estimates that about , maternal deaths occurred in These causes range from severe bleeding to obstructed labour, all of which have highly effective interventions.
Texans can dial option 6 for information on COVID and local community resources on health care, utilities, food, housing and more. Wait times are currently higher than normal. Visit our website to learn more. The CDC has new resources to help with stress and coping for parents and caregivers. CDC also has advice for protecting mental and social health for children and young people.
Check out our interactive infographic to see progress toward the Maternal Infant and Child Health objectives and other Healthy People topic areas. Improving the well-being of mothers, infants, and children is an important public health goal for the United States.
There has been a crying need for a compendium of teaching and learning resources dedicated to critical global health issues confronting the most vulner- able.Reply
(rnasystemsbiology.org). 4 UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation. Levels & trends in child mortality.Reply
Act and urges maternal and child health professionals to speak up about how our programs improve health outcomes and prevent health problems. The Affordable Care Act provides funding to implement b75th/images/rnasystemsbiology.org 8.Reply
Strategies of MCH programme in Ethiopia. 5. Learning objectives. 6. CHAPTER TWO MATERNAL HEALTH PROBLEMS. Learning objectives. 7.Reply
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