causes and symptoms of prostate cancer pdf

Causes and symptoms of prostate cancer pdf

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Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate gland become abnormal and multiply. The accumulation of these cells then forms a tumor. The tumor can lead to a variety of complications, such as erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, and severe pain if the cancer spreads to the bones.

Prostate cancer is very common, affecting one out of every nine men. The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. The gland makes fluid that mixes with semen during ejaculation. This fluid helps protect sperm and keeps it healthy for conception and pregnancy. The urethra runs through the center of the prostate gland.

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Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the prostate, it is called prostate cancer. Except for skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men. Many men with prostate cancer—especially those with tumors that have not spread beyond the prostate—die of other causes without ever having any symptoms from the cancer. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Prostate Cancer.

Prostate cancer is cancer of the prostate. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system that surrounds the urethra just below the bladder. Factors that increase the risk of prostate cancer include older age, family history and race. Prostate cancer screening , including prostate-specific antigen PSA testing, increases cancer detection but whether it improves outcomes is controversial. Many cases are managed with active surveillance or watchful waiting. Globally, it is the second-most common cancer.

Prostate Cancer

Error: This is required. Error: Not a valid value. Prostate cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells develop in the prostate, part of the male reproductive system. In Australia, it is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men, affecting up to 1 in 7 men by the age of With appropriate care, most men can live with prostate cancer for many years without serious consequences. The prostate, normally a golf ball-sized gland that sits below the bladder, helps produce the fluid in semen. There are different kinds of prostate cancer.

The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions. Always seek specific medical advice for treatment appropriate to you. This information is not intended to relate specifically to insurance or healthcare services provided by Southern Cross. If the prostate cancer is causing a decreased urine flow or a complete blockage, surgery to relieve this may be required before any other treatment is undertaken. Radiotherapy also called radiation therapy is the controlled use of radiation to stop the growth of cancer cells.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate gland, which is located just below the bladder in males and surrounds the top portion of the tube that drains urine from the bladder urethra. This illustration shows a normal prostate gland and a prostate with a tumor. Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate. The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.

Prostatic specific antigen for prostate cancer detection. Prostate-specific antigen PSA has been used for prostate cancer detection since PSA testing has revolutionized our ability to diagnose, treat, and follow-up patients.

Prostate cancer

Back to Health A to Z. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK.

2 comments

  • Anastasio D. 20.04.2021 at 08:06

    If you decide not to get screened, you can always change your mind later.

    Reply
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