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If women declare that they have voluntarily chosen something — cosmetic breast implants and female genital mutilation are examples typically discussed in the literature and in this book — then many conclude that a liberal state must not prevent them. Chambers would like to see these practices banned because she regards them as incompatible with gender equality and justice, and she believes that a liberal or, more precisely, a perfectionist liberal state can consistently do so. Her interwoven arguments toward this conclusion are complex, meticulous, and inventive, drawing on theories of, and debates about, social construction, embodiment, multiculturalism, political liberalism, the nature of autonomy, and the justifiability of paternalism.
Sign in Create an account. Syntax Advanced Search. Liberalism and the limits of justice. Michael Sandel. Pike eds. Routledge, in Association with the Open University. A liberal society seeks not to impose a single way of life, but to leave its citizens as free as possible to choose their own values and ends.
This article is a contribution to a critical exploration of the liberal project of normatively justifying basic political principles. The specific focus is John Rawls's use of the idea of public reason. After briefly discussing the evolution of Rawls's ideas from A Theory of Justice to his most recent writings, the key components of his conception of public reason are set out. Two principal lines of criticism are developed. The first is that the criteria of legitimacy Rawls establishes for a democratic procedure are unworkably demanding. The second is that there is no reason to think that resort to the idea of public reason will significantly constrain the scope of substantive political disagreement within a constitutional democracy.
In this article I explore whether liberal retributive justice should be conceived of either individualistically or holistically. I critically examine the individualistic account of retributive justice and suggest that the question of retribution — i. By resorting to the ideal of sensitive reasons, a model of legitimacy at the basis of our best normative models of democracy, the article argues that in modern liberal democracies, punishment of an offender A for f is compatible with just treatment of A only if punishment of an individual for f can be legitimate in A's and A's fellow citizens' eyes. Only once retributive justice is understood in this holistic fashion the imposition of punishment can be made compatible with just treatment of individuals. A way to enquire into the institution of the criminal law is to look at the justification of punishment. This article does not distance itself from this approach, but doubts the assumption that we can offer a justification of punishment without adopting a more comprehensive understanding of this institution.
Liberalism and the Limits of Justice ; second edition is a book about liberalism by the philosopher Michael Sandel. The work helped start the liberalism-communitarianism debate that dominated Anglo-American political philosophy in the s. Sandel discusses liberalism , the work of the philosopher Immanuel Kant , and utilitarianism. He criticizes the philosopher John Rawls , evaluating his ideas as advanced in A Theory of Justice , Political Liberalism , and other works. He also criticizes the philosopher Robert Nozick , and his ideas as advanced in Anarchy, State, and Utopia In , Cambridge University Press published a second edition.
Cambridge Core - Political Theory - Liberalism and the Limits of Justice. Frontmatter. pp i-vi. Access. PDF; Export citation.
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Liberty, the highest of natural endowments, being the portion only of intellectual or rational natures, confers on man this dignity - that he is "in the hand of his counsel" 1 and has power over his actions. But the manner in which such dignity is exercised is of the greatest moment, inasmuch as on the use that is made of liberty the highest good and the greatest evil alike depend. Man, indeed, is free to obey his reason, to seek moral good, and to strive unswervingly after his last end. Yet he is free also to turn aside to all other things; and, in pursuing the empty semblance of good, to disturb rightful order and to fall headlong into the destruction which he has voluntarily chosen.
Modern liberal theories share the idea that the state and its laws should remain neutral with respect to the varying conceptions of the good life held by individuals. This article discusses the way in which this notion of neutrality is defined and justified. Rawls's theory of justice is shown to be a prime example of such a theory.
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The second chapter elaborates the Marxian conception of justice. See full list on corporatefinanceinstitute. Regardless of the label, a theory of change offers a picture of important destinations and guides you on what to look for on the journey to ensure you are on the right pathway. The Original Position and Justification 17 5. According to the hypothesis, people have a strong desire or need to believe that the world is an orderly, predictable, and just place, where people get what they deserve.
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