File Name: gas turbines and jet propulsion .zip
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Mechanical Prime Movers pp Cite as. The automotive gas turbines discussed in this chapter cover the range of designs intended primarily as propulsion units for vehicles that move on land or water; ie cars, trucks, off-highway mobile equipment, air-cushion craft, and light marine vessels.
SAE NY v65 p Part load performance of various gas turbine engine systems. Proc IMechE v p CrossRef Google Scholar. N Penny. Rover case history of small gas turbines.
SAE paper A S O Kronogard. The Volvo turbo experimental gas turbine. Small gas turbines. IMechE lecture Jan International Defence Supplement, Interavia p G J Huebner jr. The Chrysler gas turbine story. Proc IMechE —5 v pt2A no9. I M Swatman. Development of the Ford gas turbine engine.
G W Kahle. The turbine powered vehicle — Promises or profit. P Spear and N Penny. The development of the Rover-BRM.
SAE paper B N Doyle. The split compressor differential gas turbine engine for vehicle propulsion. A Granatelli, F R Cowley. SAE paper Detroit Jan H L Krewson. Experience with a gas turbine prime mover. SAE paper Peoria Apr Gas turbine power for earthmoving equipment.
Automotive Industries 15 Feb P A C Brockington. GT Leyland for Commercial Motor 20 Sep Gas turbines for trucks; a realistic assessment of potential. A Topouzian. A pressure ratio gas turbine recuperator. SAE Cleveland March R N Penny.
SAE paper Detroit June The development of a glass-ceramic axial-flow rotary regenerator. J G Lanning. The automobile gas turbine heat exchanger. Corning Glass Nov Regenerators for high temperature gas turbine engines.
IMechE paper 11; Technical advances in gas turbine design Apr A F McLean. Case for the single-shaft vehicular gas turbine engine. IMechE paper 16; ibid. P A Phillips and P Spear. Design, development and application of vehicle gas turbine engines. K Petrie. Development of a small single- and two-shaft gas turbine for military applications. Personalised recommendations. Cite chapter How to cite? ENW EndNote.
However, the principles upon which the gas turbine, the jet engine, and the rocket operate have Been known for many years, and the student of these power plants.
Early gas turbines employed centrifugal compressors , which are relatively simple and inexpensive. They are, however, limited to low pressure ratios and cannot match the efficiencies of modern axial-flow compressors. Accordingly, centrifugal compressors are used today primarily in small industrial units. An axial-flow compressor is the reverse of a reaction turbine.
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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. All commercial aircraft designed in the last 40 years other than aircraft with fewer than a dozen passengers are powered by gas turbine engines, either turbofan or turboprop. Thus, any discussion of reducing carbon emissions from commercial aircraft will need to consider the potential for improvement of gas turbine engines. To that end, this chapter will delineate the current state of the art of aircraft engines, discuss the potential for and constraints on gas turbine improvement over the next three decades, and suggest research directions to achieve such improvement.
To move an airplane through the air, we have to use some kind of propulsion system to generate thrust. The most widely used form of propulsion system for modern aircraft is the gas turbine engine. Turbine engines come in a variety of forms. This page shows computer drawings of four different variations of a gas turbine or jet engine. While each of the engines are different, they share some parts in common. Each of these engines have a combustion section red , a compressor cyan , a turbine magenta and an inlet and a nozzle grey.
This article briefly describes the components and systems found in jet engines. The various components named above have constraints on how they are put together to generate the most efficiency or performance. For the engine optimisation for its intended use, important here is air intake design, overall size, number of compressor stages sets of blades , fuel type, number of exhaust stages, metallurgy of components, amount of bypass air used, where the bypass air is introduced, and many other factors. For instance, consider design of the air intake. Intakes are more commonly referred to as inlets in the U. Pitot inlets are used for subsonic aircraft. A pitot inlet is little more than a tube with an aerodynamic fairing around it.
Whether creating electricity or moving planes, this engine continues to inspire innovation. DOI: