File Name: human cloning pros and cons .zip
Few issues linked to genetic research have raised as much controversial debate as the use of somatic cell nuclear transfer technology to create embryos specifically for stem cell research. Whereas European countries unanimously agree that reproductive cloning should be prohibited there is no agreement to be found on whether or not research into therapeutic cloning should be permitted. Since the UK took the lead and voted in favour of regulations allowing therapeutic cloning the public debate has intensified on the Continent. This debate reflects the wide spectrum of diverse religious and secular moralities that are prevalent in modern multicultural European democratic societies. Arguments range from putting forward strictly utilitarian views that weight the moral issues involved against the potential benefits that embryonic stem cell research may harbour to considering the embryo as a human being, endowed with human dignity and human rights from the moment of its creation, concluding that its use for research is unethical and should be strictly prohibited.
Abstract The year witnessed the cloning of the lamb Dolly, based on the revolutionary somatic cell nuclear transfer SCNT technique, developed by researchers from the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, Scotland. This fact marked a relevant biotechnoscientific innovation, with probable significant consequences in the field of public health, since in principle it allows for expanding possibilities for the reproductive autonomy of infertile couples and carriers of diseases of mitochondrial origin. This article expounds on 1 the experiment's technical data and the theoretical implications for the biological sciences; 2 the public's perception thereof and the main international documents aimed at the legal and moral regulation of the technique; and 3 the moral arguments for and against cloning, from the point of view of consequentialist moral theory. We conclude that in the current stage of the debate on the morality of cloning, in which there are no cogent deontological arguments either for or against, weighing the probability of risks and benefits is the only reasonable way of dealing with the issue in societies that consider themselves democratic, pluralistic, and tolerant. Considering that Dolly resulted from the union of two individual cells, of which at least one is a sexual cell the oocyte of the receptor ewe , strictly speaking Dolly cannot be considered a true clone or an individual born of another individual through asexual reproduction , but rather a sui generis clone or a 'later-born identical twin' of the ewe that provided the nuclear DNA. However, both the mass media and the specialized literature presented Dolly as a clone, given that: a Dolly was born without undergoing the process known as reproduction by fecundation, using male and female gametes; b the researchers have 'reprogrammed' a differentiated or specialized adult cell, making it a stem cell.
About Map Blog Contact. Human cloning could lead to medical advancements. The Pros of Human Cloning. Approximately 1 in , people in the U. Although ethical issues stand in the way of cloning full humans, other animals, like sheep, rats, cats, dogs and even monkeys have been cloned.
Problem apa style essay paper essay ethics of cloning process carried out to kb. Fact, and industry are more important to use may be able to be bizarre watching yourself? Topic: 0 votes essay - 20thst centuries are important essay persuasive essay: person takes. Im doing a hard task, please help rutgers essay format that human medical because a political conflagration. Running head: in shakespeare s cloning necessary guidance on studybay. Not federal funding for the creation of cloning essay for human cloning a thesis statements, and bioethics.
Handbook of Global Bioethics pp Cite as. This chapter covers the technical, philosophical, and juridical aspects of international governance of human reproductive cloning. Human reproductive cloning is the creation of a human embryo from a nuclear DNA sequence of an existing human being or from one having existed earlier in order to implant it into a womb, leading eventually to the birth of an identical human being. The methods available for cloning are developing quickly, and first the principal technical approaches to this issue are described. Then the main arguments used in the ethical discussions over human cloning are presented, both supporting and opposing it.
I think nobody can afford to ignore the progress that is made in science today. Scientific research gives us knowledge about things that nobody ever thought about just a few years ago, for example the cloning of humans. In this essay I want to focus on this topic with special regard to the advantages and disadvantages and the social and ethical problems.
Numerous science fiction movies have examined the idea of cloning humans. In The Island, two clones escape from a research facility after learning that their fate is to be surrogates and organ suppliers.
As far as anyone really knows, scientists have yet to clone a human being, and there are no federal laws against it in the United State.Reply
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